JEWISH DAILY FORWARD

JEWISH DAILY FORWARD (Yid. Forverts), U.S. Yiddish newspaper. Established in New York in 1897 as a more moderate offshoot of the militantly left-wing Abendblatt the Forward was in its heyday the wealthiest and most widely read Yiddish newspaper in the United States, with 11 local and regional editions reaching as far west as Chicago. Under the editorship of abraham cahan , who ruled the paper for nearly half a century, from 1903 to 1951, for much of the time with the assistance of general manager baruch charney vladeck , the Forward combined conscientious journalism with a partisan commitment to democratic socialism and the Jewish labor movement. It published stories and serialized novels by such authors as sholem asch , jonah rosenfeld , zalman shneour ,   abraham reisin , israel joshua singer and his brother isaac bashevis singer , gave lessons in English and other subjects for old and new immigrants, and counseled and consoled several generations of readers with its famous advice column, the Bintel Brif ("Bundle of Letters"). Its Forward building, completed in 1908, was from the first a landmark on New York's Lower East Side, where it housed the headquarters of the United Hebrew Trades, the Workmen's Circle, the Jewish Socialist Federation, and other organizations, and served as a center for the Jewish labor movement in the United States. The paper's peak circulation of nearly 200,000 was reached during World War I, when the intervention of louis marshall barely saved it from being shut down by the U.S. government for its pro-German sympathies; thereafter its readership declined steadily, like that of the rest of the Yiddish press, though increased advertising revenues in the 1920s and 1930s cushioned it financially and even enabled it to launch its own Yiddish radio station, WEVD. At the time of Cahan's death in 1951 the Forward's circulation had fallen to 80,000, while in 1970 it was officially put at 44,000. In 1983, it was forced to become a weekly. Editors after Cahan were hillel rogoff (1951–62), Lazar Fogelman (1962–68), Morris Crystal (1968–70), Simon Weber (1970–87), and Mordechai Strigler (1988–98). From 1990, it published the weekly Forward in English as well as the Yiddish Forverts. The English Forward was edited by Seth Lipsky, who was replaced in July 2000 by J.J. Goldberg. In 1995–2005 the Forward Association also published the Russian Forverts. In 1998, the Yiddish prose-writer Boris Sandler (born in 1950 in Soviet Moldova), was appointed as editor of the Yiddish Forverts. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Sanders, in: Midstream, 4 (1962), 79–94; J. Chaikin, Yidishe Bleter in Amerike (1946), index; H. Rogoff, Der Gayst fun Forverts (1954); A. Cahan, Bleter fun Mayn Lebn, 3 (1926), 4 (1928), 5 (1931), index; J. Teller, Strangers and Natives (1968), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.C. Rich, The Jewish Daily Forward (1967); I. Metzker, A Bintel Brief (1981). (Hillel Halkin / Gennady Estraikh (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jewish Daily Forward — ▪ American newspaper Yiddish  Forverts         Yiddish language newspaper published in New York City and in regional centres in the United States.       The Forward was founded in 1897 by the Jewish Socialist Press Federation as a civic aid and a …   Universalium

  • JEWISH SOCIALIST VERBAND — JEWISH SOCIALIST VERBAND, U.S. organization devoted to the promotion of democratic socialism and the strengthening of Jewish group life on the basis of modern Yiddish culture. The Jewish Socialist Verband (JSV) was founded in 1921 by a minority… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish National Fund — The Jewish National Fund (Hebrew: קרן קימת לישראל, Keren Kayemet LeYisrael ) (abbreviated as JNF, and sometimes KKL) was founded in 1901 to buy and develop land in Ottoman Palestine (later Israel) for Jewish settlement. The JNF is a non profit… …   Wikipedia

  • Forward (Zeitung) — Abraham Cahan, Gründer und bis 1945 Herausgeber des Forward …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jewish Defense Organization — The Jewish Defense Organization is a militant Jewish organization in the United States. It is right wing in its stance on Israeli defense and foreign policy issues. Its positions on issues of Jewish concern in the United States are more nuanced,… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish tartan — The Jewish tartan was designed by Chabad rabbi Mendel Jacobs of Glasgow, Scotland in 2008. The tartan s colors are blue, white, silver, red and gold. The tartan was certified by the Scottish Tartans Authority, which had previously approved… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish Theological Seminary of America — Building at 3080 Broadway in Manhattan Motto והסנה איננו אכל Motto in English And …   Wikipedia

  • JEWISH CAMPING — JEWISH CAMPING, the collective term for the various forms in which the organized Jewish community and private Jewish entrepreneurs in North America have adapted the classic American summer organized camping format to meet the needs or desires of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JEWISH LEGION — JEWISH LEGION, military formation of Jewish volunteers in World War I who fought in the British army for the liberation of Ereẓ Israel from Turkish rule. When Turkey entered the war on the side of the Central Powers (Oct. 30, 1914), two different …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish prayer — Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.